What is End to End Logistics & Supply Chain Solutions?

What Is End-to-End?

End-to-end refers to an interaction that takes a framework or administration from start to finish and conveys a total utilitarian arrangement, normally without expecting to get anything from an outsider. It usually hints that a merchant can own a venture from start to finish, and supply everything expected to make a useful arrangement, be it equipment, programming, work, composed materials, and systems. End-to-end arrangement additionally stick to a way of thinking that dispenses with whatever number of center layers or steps as could be allowed, which assists with enhancing the exhibition and productivity of a business.

End-to-End Logistics

End-to-end logistics includes the whole inventory network process, from planning and acquirement of resources to after delivery services.

The main issue is deciding how to wind around every phase of a store network into a consistent framework. Past the objectives of proficiency and more sure direction, successful administration of an end-to-end network makes a solid upper hand for organizations in packed markets.

Successful End-to-End Supply Chain Planning

Planning an end-to-end supply chain requires outlining a progression of capacities, every one of which requires thought about the activity. Here are the fundamental components of cooperative start to finish production network arranging

1. The Joint Effort is Hierarchical

Store network pioneers need to take more time for driving cooperative endeavors. This appears in a wide range of structures, among them: one-on-one conversations, initiative gatherings, execution surveys, authoritative data gatherings, month-to-month scorecard audits, and key activity plans.

2. Make a Cooperation Culture

However troublesome, a key component is to guarantee that a model cooperative way of behaving is regularly seen by your labor force and external factors. This can be shown in real-life arranging gatherings, surveys, picnics, recruiting, and advancements to give some examples of regions.

3. Think Overall Price, Not Simply Cost

The undeniably interesting open doors for successful expense the board exists through more complex generally the executives. Store network arranging needs to work connected at the hip with an organization’s monetary office in an all-encompassing look at the business’ worth.

4. Utilize Means, Frameworks, and Information

Store network chiefs won’t ever confront a deficiency of new mechanical answers for essentially any issue. The core worries while choosing a specific framework are 1) is it straightforward and 2) would it be able to be steady across inside and outside groups.

5. Reinforce Outer Group Structures

The more you look to form a relationship, the more you need to risk. Furthermore, with more prominent speculation, you gain the upside of a serious accomplice. Try to assess each hub of outside contact to guarantee that you are connecting your business with your outsiders in the most favorable manner. Share data, settle on secrecy arrangements evenhanded, and sort out for yourself as well as your accomplices to visit offices together.

6. Compelling Deals and Tasks Arrangements

Request and supply coordination is a definitive trial of a cooperative venture and, tragically, no technique is one-size-fits-all. Nonetheless, any business benefits from making sure they have understood and open correspondence at all phases of direction. Then again, any business will endure assuming its procedure for remunerating workers advances conduct that subverts cooperation.

How to Optimize the End-to-End Inventory Network?

To upgrade the E2E production network, the above parts should be all around incorporated. It requires an endeavor asset arranging (ERP) framework that furnishes ongoing data perceivable across the inventory network.

1. The accompanying methodologies can assist with upgrading the production.

2. Better forecast of client needs by executing an interest arranging instrument.

3. Lean way to deal with stock administration to diminish squander and undesirable activities. This will accelerate the request satisfaction cycle and increment stock exactness.

4. Human assets intend to answer abrupt changes in the inventory network.

5. Main driver investigation to recognize issues in the momentum interaction and plan successful arrangements.

6. Carry out E2E benchmarking to gauge the viability of the production network.

7. Last, is data sharing across the inventory network organization (provider – producer – client).

What are the Advantages of End-to-End Logistics?

With a coordinated E2E inventory network plan and perceivable across the store network, organizations can all the more likely serve clients. The advantages are the accompanying

1. Consistent progression of exercises across the inventory network.

2. Decreasing postponements with the capacity to recognize any issues across the store network.

3. Better associations with providers and clients.

4. Complete perception can diminish gambles, working expenses, and foresee and plan to address the issues of market changes.

5. Straightforwardness and the capacity to see “vulnerable sides”.

6. Diminished work and material expenses by eliminating waste all the while.

Now that you know all about E2E logistics, it will be easy for you to figure out why it is better for you or any organization to pursue a similar system. You can even decide the magnitude of an end-to-end arrangement that you should put into function in your organization depending on the scope of your operations.

How to Transport Dangerous Goods?

What are dangerous goods?

Dangerous Goods are items that may endanger the safety of an aircraft or persons on board the aircraft. Dangerous Goods are also known as restricted articles, hazardous materials and dangerous cargo. Many common items found in your household can be considered dangerous goods for air transport.

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) or the local Civil Aviation Authority Regulations govern their carriage onboard aircraft.

Setting the standards leads to safety

Some items may endanger the safety of an aircraft or persons on board, and these dangerous materials can either be forbidden or restricted for air transport.  IATA leads industry efforts to ensure the safe transport of dangerous goods by air.  We provide a great variety of technical knowledge, products, services and training solutions, tailored to satisfy industry needs.

The development of standards for documentation, handling and training, as well as the promotion and use, contributed to achieving a very high degree of safety in the transport of dangerous goods by air.

Dangerous Goods Regulations

IATA works closely with local governments and ICAO in the development of regulations. This way, it is ensured that the rules and guidelines on dangerous goods transport are effective and operational practical.

The IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR) manual is the global reference for shipping dangerous goods by air and the only standard recognized by airlines.


The 63rd edition of the Dangerous Goods Regulations includes the provisions on competency-based training and assessment (CBTA) as agreed by the ICAO Dangerous Goods Panel in DGP/27 (September 2019). There is a two-year transition period and therefore, the training provisions from the 61st edition may continue to be used until 31 December 2022.

Appendix I.1.5 as shown in the 61st edition has been adopted in Subsection 1.5 and Subsection 1.5 from the 61st edition has been moved to Attachment A of Appendix H.

The guidance material on the development and implementation of competency-based training and assessment can be found in Appendix H. This material is the practical guide for the industry players to develop their training framework in accordance with the new provisions and will continue to be enhanced by the Dangerous Goods Training Working Group (DGTWG) based on the feedback from training providers and member airlines.

e-DGD Concept

The e-DGD is an electronic approach to manage the IATA DGD, leveraging industry initiatives to digitalize data and embrace data sharing platform principles.

Data is made available on the data sharing platform by the data owner and is accessible to whoever requires it depending on the roles and responsibilities in the supply chain. The data sharing platform principle allows for a close collaboration between all stakeholders, including shippers, forwarders, carriers, ground handling agents and third party providers.

In March 2018, the IATA Cargo Services Conference endorsed the principles of data sharing platform for e-DGD with the adoption of a policy item.


1. Increased data quality

2. More transparency and traceability

3. Reduced number of errors and delays

4. Leaner and faster DG processes

5. Improved customer experience

Satisfying international regulations

To ship dangerous goods, consignors are required to prepare a form certifying that the cargo has been packed, labeled and declared according with the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR). The attached sample Shipper’s Declarations form reflect those that have been adopted into the 60th edition of the DGR. Forms of the design as shown in the 59th edition may continue to be used until 31 December 2024.

Process to Ship Dangerous Goods

1. Know the guidelines

It’s essential to follow the guidelines while transporting anything named hazardous products.

The guidelines contain an assortment of limitations, including remembering subtleties for the sorts of bundling, checking, marking, and documentation required. Rules can change contingent upon the method of transport, so look at your transporter to observe how your hazardous merchandise will be shipped.

2. Ensure you’ve received training

Anyone transporting hazardous products needs to have gotten the required training(s) and comprehend the pertinent regulation(s). Then again, someone else or an organization that has gotten the suitable training(s) can be recruited to set up the shipment for your benefit.

3. Arrange and pronounce your shipment accurately

The transporter is answerable for guaranteeing that hazardous merchandise should be distinguished, grouped, pronounced, pressed, stamped, and named with the right documentation for the nations/regions of beginning, travel, and objective. Assuming you’re uncertain, check with the producer or provider to figure out the grouping of your risky products.

4. Pack your shipment appropriately

Much of the time it’s a necessity to utilize affirmed bundling with unobscured United Nations detail markings. These markings show that the bundling has been tried for specifically required abilities expected to ship risky products. See the present IATA DG Regulations see whether your shipment requires them.

5. Have the right marking and documentation

Most hazardous merchandise shipments require unobscured marks that connect with the risk class and auxiliary peril. Clients can buy supported marks (or view a rundown of other name sellers) on the IATA hazardous merchandise site. Old marks on reused boxes should be eliminated.

Best Way to Ship Perishable Goods from India to Europe

For any business to conclude, it takes two parties to fulfill their end of the contract. In an import/export business model, the exporter has to ship the goods to the importer receive a payment for the goods in return. Every good requires a different mode of shipping and storage conditions. Hence, all these factors must be kept in mind while choosing the most suited method for your goods.

What are perishable goods?

Perishable are goods that can easily and quickly spoil, hence, have a small shelf life. These goods require sensitive care and need to be shipped to the exporter as fast as possible. Hence, the most suited way for an exporter to ship such goods from India to Europe is via air. It is not only the fastest means to transport perishable goods, but also the safest means as well.

Pre-requisites to export perishable goods from India to Europe via air freight-

Getting an Importer-Exported Code (IEC) Number- IEC contains a 10 digit business ID number which is given by Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT). Only after availing an IEC number, you are permitted to export and import across international borders.
Obtaining an IEC number is a need for anybody to start export and import activities according to the Foreign Trade Policy.

Getting a Registration Cum Membership Certificate (RCMC)- Export Promotion Councils or Commodity Boards of India issue a RCMC as a proof of DGFT membership for 5 years. You require this certificate if

● You are dealing in restricted goods.
● You are applying for any concession under the Foreign Trade Policy.

International air freight and customs clearance agent- An international air freight and customs clearance agent plays a vital role in exporting your goods across international borders. That is why it is important for you get in touch with a reliable international cargo flight service provider for timely delivery of perishable goods.

Process to ship perishable goods via international flight from India to Europe

1. Making reservation-  Make a reservation with the international freight forwarding services provider and handover the goods to them

2.Arranging transportation- Arrangement of transportation of goods to international air express cargo services provider’s warehouse.

3. Documentation- The next step is to process the documents.

4. Customs clearance- Once the documentation is complete, they are submitted with the customs authorities to get custom clearance.

5. Goods handover- After getting the custom clearance, goods are handed over to the airlines/ship dock.

6. Delivery of goods- Handing over of goods is followed by delivery of goods to the destination location.

7. Post-shipments formalities– Upon reaching the destination, post-shipment documentation is carried.

8. Final delivery to the importer- After following this process, the last step is transport the goods to the importer’s warehouse.

Operating in the industry of perishable goods is a high risk task for all the parties involved in the trade. Hence, great attention to detail is required at all the steps of the process. Choose your international cargo air flight service provider carefully kepping all your requirements in mind.

What is Air Freight Shipping and How Does it Work?

Businesses around the world are choosing airplanes as a mode of transport to ship their goods internationally. The reason is that air transport offers a speedy service along with reliability and ensuring safeguard of products. Air transport also helps businesses in expanding their operations to more countries. This article explains the process of air freight shipment across international borders.

What Is Air Freight Shipping?

Airship cargo package conveyance is the exchange and shipment of products through an airplane. Air transport administrations are the most important with regards to moving express shipments all over the planet. Very much like business or traveler aircraft, airship cargo flies in similar passages.

Process of Shipping via Air:

1. Availing a Quote-

The first step for you as a consignor is to decide upon an air freight forwarder as per the requirements. Once you have finalized the suitable options, approaching them for a quote so that you can make a booking with the one that fits in your per-determined budget.

2.  Confirming Booking: 

After comparing between quotes from various international freight forwarding agencies and deciding the one you want to hire, the next step is to confirm your booking of shipment with them with details such as via a written agreement

Goods to be shipped.

Quantity of goods.

Location of shipment

Date of shipment.

Liability of both parties.

3. Storage and Warehousing- Once you have confirmed a booking, the goods that you have to ship outwards are transported to the storage facility of the international air shipment services provider. The products remain in the warehouse till the date of shipment arrives.

4. Finalizing Incoterms- Incoterms are short for International Commercial Terms. These are conditions of agreement between the consignor and the consignee. It is your duty as a consignor to make a written agreement with the consignee and convey the same to the international freight forwarding services provider you have hired.

5. Export Custom Clearance- Once the Incoterms are agreed in a written format, the air freight cargo service provider process your file based on all the documentation and regulations to be followed to obtain export custom clearance.

6. Origin Handling- This is the part where your goods are finally ready to be exported. The international freight forwarder moves the goods from their warehouse to the loading dock of the aircraft after ensuring the proper packaging of goods for the transit.

7. Import Customs Clearance- When the products reach the destination country, the freight forwarder begins the process of import customs clearance.

8. Destination Handling- After getting the import customs clearance, the goods are ready to be transported from the unloading dock to the shipper’s warehouse. Hence, the freight forwarder agency has to arrange for proper transportation.

9. Import Haulage- In the final step, merchandise is finally transported to the place consignee’s choice as per the agreement. This step completes the cycle of air freight transportation internationally.

How Does Air Freight Work?

What you’re delivering, the transporter and carrier you use, and the shipment’s chargeable weight influence the rate. The chargeable To conclude, air freight service has factored into the huge growth of various industries. Due the process being so simple and easy to understand, every business activity becomes easier and more effective. Hence, it is the right time for you to commence using air planes as the mode of transport to ship your products in the international market.

weight is the gross weight (counting the cargo, bundling and bed) or the volumetric weight – whichever is greater. Volumetric weight is determined utilizing a recipe that partitions the freight’s estimations (LxWxH) by a layered weight factor. Normally, bigger things that weigh less occupy more room than little, weighty things, which is the reason air freight transporters utilize the chargeable weight recipe

Best Way to Export/Import Goods from India to the USA 2022

Export and import of goods and services are not only a source of income for the parties involved, these activities also act as a bridge between the governments of two nations. Hence, it is equally important as any other business activity. Exporting and importing also give a bigger marketplace to the producers. This is resulting in more and more people getting indulged in this activity. A lot many people wonder how to get started in this industry. What are the requirements that need to be fulfilled? You will find the process to be much easier than one can imagine. Let us go over the pre-requisites once

Step 1

Getting an IEC (Importer-Exporter Code) Number- IEC contains a 10 digit business identification number which is provided by Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT). Once you avail an IEC number, you are allowed to export and import beyond national boundary. Availing an IEC number is a necessity for anyone to commence export and import activities as per the Foreign Trade Policy. A service exporter-importer does not require an IEC number if they are not availing any benefits under the Foreign Trade Policy.

Step 2

Obtaining a Registration Cum Membership Certificate (RCMC)-Export Promotion Councils or Commodity Boards of India issue a RCMC as a proof of DGFT membership for 5 years. You require this certificate if

1. You are dealing in restricted goods.

2. You are applying for any concession under the Foreign Trade Policy.

Step 3

Risk covering through ECGC- Export Promotion Councils or Commodity Boards of India issue a RCMC as a proof of DGFT membership for 5 years. You require this certificate if Getting involved in international trade always poses the risk of non-payment because of individual or national insolvency. This risk can be covered by the buyer by getting an appropriate policy from Export Credit Guarantee Corporation Ltd. These are the basic things that you require to begin your import-export operations. Now, let us understand the process of importing or exporting between India and the USA.

Import Procedure

1. Acquire IEC

Prior to importing from India, each business should initially acquire an Import Export Code (IEC) number from the territorial joint DGFT. The IEC is a pan-based registration of traders with lifetime validity and is required for clearing customs, sending shipments, as well as for sending or receiving money in foreign currency. The cycle to acquire the IEC enlistment takes around 10-15 days.

2. Guarantee lawful consistence under various exchange regulations

When an IEC is distributed, organizations might import products that are consistent with Section 11 of the Customs Act (1962), Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act (1992), and the Foreign Trade Policy, 2015-20. Be that as it may, certain things – limited, canalized, or disallowed, as announced and advised by the public authority – require extra authorization and licenses from the DGFT and the central government.

3. Get import licenses:

To decide if a permit is expected to import a specific business item or administration, a merchant should initially group the thing by distinguishing its Indian Trading Clarification in light of a Harmonized System of Coding or ITC (HS) order. ITC (HS) is India’s chief method of classifying items for trade and import-export operations. The ITC-HS code, given by the DGFT, is a 8-digit alphanumeric code addressing a specific class or classification of merchandise, which permits the shipper to follow guidelines worried about those products.

An import permit is either a general permit or a specific permit. Under a general permit, merchandise can be imported from any nation, though a particular or individual permit approves import just from explicit nations. Import licenses are utilized in import freedom, sustainable, and ordinarily substantial for quite a long time for capital products or year and a half for unrefined substances parts, consumables, and spare parts.

4. Record Bill of Entry and different archives to finish customs clearing conventions

Subsequent to acquiring import licenses, merchants are expected to outfit import assertion in the recommended Bill of Entry alongside long-lasting record number (PAN) based Business Identification Number (BIN), according to Section 46 of the Customs Act (1962). A Bill of Entry gives data on the specific nature, exact amount, and worth of products that have landed or entered inwards in the country.

On the off chance that the products are cleared through the Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) framework, no conventional Bill of Entry is recorded as it is created in the PC framework. Be that as it may, the shipper should record a freight revelation after recommending specifics expected for handling of the section for customs leeway.

Assuming the Bill of Entry is recorded without utilizing the EDI framework, the merchant is expected to submit supporting reports that incorporate declaration of beginning, testament of examination, bill of trade, business receipt cum pressing rundown, among others.

When the merchandise are sent, the traditions authorities analyze and evaluate the data outfitted in the bill of passage and coordinate it with the imported things. Assuming there are no abnormalities, the authorities issue a ‘pass out request’ that permits the imported merchandise to be supplanted from the traditions

5. Decide import obligation rate for leeway of products:

India levies basic customs duty on imported goods, as specified in the first schedule of the Customs tariff Act, 1975, along with goods-specific duties such as anti-dumping duty, safeguard duty, and social welfare surcharge. In addition to these, the government levies an integrated goods and services tax (IGST) under the new GST system. The IGST rates depend on the classification of imported goods as specified in Schedules notified under Section 5 of the IGST Act (2017).

Export Procedure

Similarly concerning imports, an organization wanting to take part in export is expected to acquire an IEC number from the local joint DGFT. In the wake of acquiring the IEC, the exporter needs to guarantee that every one of the legitimate compliances are met under various exchange regulations. Further, the exporter should check assuming a product permit is required, and appropriately apply for the permit to the DGFT. An exporter is additionally expected to enlist with the Indian Chamber of Commerce (ICC), which gives the Non-Preferential Certificates of Origin guaranteeing that the sent out products are originated in India.

Following this simple procedure, you can begin your journey as an importer or exporter if you wish to run your operations between India and the USA.

10 Things to Know About a Logistic Service Provider

Logistics has become a huge part of any business. Subsequently, there has been a growth in demand for third party logistical service providers in the market as not every business can afford the cost of an in-house logistics department. However, finding the most suited freight forwarding agency is a task which requires deep research. To help you finalize on an international custom clearance agent, here are 10 pointers that you should keep in mind:-

1. Experience in a Particular Industry

The first point that you should keep in mind is to look for a freight forwarder who is experienced in operating in the industry you are running your business in. The reasons are:

● Will know in and out about documentation process.
● Knowledge the adequate storage and packaging techniques of products.
● Understanding of transportation practices that needs to be followed.

All these reasons will minimize the transit time and loss of goods due to any damage. Thus, making the process efficient and effective.

2. Reputation in the Market

Always keep in mind that a good reputation of anyone that you are in business with is a reflection of their work ethics and goodwill as well as your own. Hence, enquire about an international cargo shipping agency before availing their service. A few things that help you determine of a freight forwarder are:

● Market feedback.
● Current client roaster.
● Past growth.
● Yearly turnover.

3. Network Coverage

The next factor that you should consider while finalizing upon a freight forwarder is their global footprint. You should always look for a supply chain management service provider which supports your operations across various international boundaries with a scope to be there for expansion of your operations. If you have to hire multiple logistics service providers to support your business fully, it will add to your cost of operating and create unnecessary confusion. Hence, it is always favorable to find a freight forwarder to meet your requirements fully.

4. Reliability

Most organizations use the services of a third party supply chain management organizations. The reason behind it is to decrease the cost of operations and avail expert knowledge of third party logistics agency. This leads to depending on an external factor for running a business smoothly. Hence, you should make sure that you can rely on the chosen international freight forwarding agency to handle the scope of your operations.

5. Price

As mentioned in the pervious factor, one reason for availing services from a third party logistical service provider is to minimize the cost. Hence, price can also be an important factor in deciding whether to employ services of a freight forwarder.

6. Flexibility in Operations

Different businesses have different needs and demands and require different solutions. It is important that the 3PL service provider you choose understands your business’s requirements and provides you with a custom-made solution to you.

7. Infrastructure Capabilities

While looking out for the optimum solutions to your business’s logistical needs, make sure that the warehousing facility can provide a suitable storage environment for your products.

8. Packaging and Transportation

In order to transport your products safely and timely, the right packaging and mode of transportation is required. It is your duty to make these conditions clear to your international logistical agency with best communication practices. It will help you in saving time.

9. Live Tracking

Another important factor that comes into play is if the 3PL service provider can keep you up-to-date with the location of your products in transit. Being able to track the location of your goods helps you get an estimate time of delivery and ensures safety of goods

10. Location

The location of your international customs clearance agency should be easily accessible through various modes of transport. A remote location will make the whole process time-consuming and expensive.

In the fast paced market, finding the right logistical partner is important. These 10 pointers will help you finalize on the best suited freight forwarding agency for you at the earliest. This, in turn, will maximize your profits. 

All You Need to Know About Freight Forwarding and Its Purpose

In current times when everyone has got so many options for so many things, it is inevitable to expect variety. Variety is something that revolves around bulk manufacture, production, and transportation of goods and commodities so that the goods reach their target market. In such scenarios of global trade, Freight Forwarding is an important concept though relatively rarely heard of.

What if we require to export/import goods internationally which is a very sensitive affair in terms of planning and executing? With all the expert advice needed through the entire process and important documentation, here comes the role of freight forwarding services. This concept is mandatory for many businesses without which they might not even exist in the global market.

What is Freight Forwarding?

What is Freight Forwarding?

Freight forwarding falls under the category of cargo shipping services, which is a coordinated chain regarding the shipping of goods or commodities via multiple channels including air, sea, inland waterway, rail, and road. The main purpose of Freight Forwarding services is that it is quite a help when it comes to global shipments and trade, with plenty of coordination and strategic planning, customs and legal regulations, and documentation so that the shipments can be executed easily and timely across borders. FFFAI – Federation of Freight Forwarders Association, is the apex body that represents Freight Forwarding member associations from all over India.

Steps involved in Freight Forwarding:

  1. Transfer of goods/commodities from the starting point to freight forwarder’s warehouse
  2. Export Customs Clearance – Clearance for good/commodities to leave the country of origin
  3. Inspection and validation of cargo against booking documents
  4. Import Customs Clearance – Checking of customs documentation
  5. Handling the cargo upon reaching the destination, transfer to import warehouse
  6. Transfer of cargo from import warehouse to the final destination

Who are Freight Forwarders and what is their role?

Who are Freight Forwarders and what is their role?

Freight Forwarders are those companies or agents that help in the timely, successful, and efficient movement of commodities in good condition by showcasing expertise in terms of freight rate negotiations, custom clearances, documentation requirements, and contact network in the logistics industry.

They organize shipments from customers, manufacturers, and producers of goods (primarily indulging in international business), to the specified destination point. Such corporations or agents have a tie-up with general carriers for transportation which also provide their services to the public under a licensed name and authority.

Freight forwarding agents or companies do not transport the goods on their own but provide all the necessary expertise when it comes to logistics including warehouse planning, cargo insurance, and customs clearances among others for an optimized supply chain.

The cargo shipping process might seem stressful and intimidating when it comes to paperwork, customs, logistics, and many other things. The freight forwarder takes care of all these responsibilities so that the shipment can be easy, convenient, and cost-effective.

Some value-added services provided by a Freight Forwarder that can prove to be advantageous:

  1. Provide cost-effective, convenient, and efficient cargo shipping solutions according to requirements
  2. Advice regarding tariffs including freight charges, customs clearance expenses, documentation costs, etc.
  3. Suggest the best possible route for shipment based on nature and safety of goods, cost, and ensuring timely arrival of goods
  4. Have expertise and sound knowledge of customs regulations that vary from country to country
  5. Possess strong network within the logistics industry and collaboration with multiple logistics firms that support in improved supply chain management
  6. Negotiate tariffs, manage custom regulations, optimize warehousing, cargo space scheduling and freight consolidation, supply cargo insurance, and shipment tracking
  7. Process relevant shipping documents like commercial invoice, bill of lading, certificate of origin, inspection certificate, export license, etc.

Difference between Logistics and Freight Forwarding

Difference between Logistics and Freight Forwarding

Though logistics and freight forwarding services may seem alike, there is a major difference between the two. Freight forwarders partner with multiple logistics companies nationally and globally, ensuring that their price comparison sense is far better off than what an importer/exporter would get while working with the logistics firms directly.Also, freight forwarders have far more experience and knowledge regarding cargo shipping routes and the nature of goods than the logistics firms and hence they can customize and optimize the cargo shipping process according to the customer’s requirements.

Lastly, it is always advisable to hire freight forwarding services instead of getting confused by working with the logistics companies directly as they would not be having expertise regarding the custom formalities and paperwork required. Logistics companies specialize in a certain area of the supply chain, unlike freight forwarders that have holistic expertise.

Types of Freight Forwarding services

Depending on the shipping requirements, the freight forwarder will suggest freight forwarding services via different channels and each of these cargo shipping routes will have a different process:

1. Air Freight Shipping

Airfreight Shipping

This channel is the fastest route of moving the commodities globally and is most preferred in cases where the delivery time of cargo is less and provides a gamete of locations for air freight services nationally and internationally.

Though air cargo services might be a little costlier than the other modes of cargo shipments, air freight shipping allows to save a lot of time and deliver within tight deadlines. However, this channel takes into account the limitation of the weight of goods and hence is recommended in case of transportation of comparatively lighter goods.

2. Sea Freight shipping

Sea Freight shipping

This is one of the oldest and cheapest modes of cargo shipping and makes use of ocean carriers to transfer commodities, packed in large cargo containers which are picked up by shipping vessels at major ports.

Though this means of shipping takes longer, it is suitable for transporting heavy and bulky goods. Another advantage of opting for a sea freight shipping service is that the freight charges are calculated by the number of containers, unlike the air freight shipping service that factors in the weight component as well.

Sea freight service gives the options of ‘full container load’ (FCL) shipping and ‘less than container load’ (LCL) shipping. FCL is generally used when the shipping of commodities is done in bulk and can fill up the entire shipping container. LCL is opted in case of lighter goods that do not take much space and can be packed with other shipments in the same container. In such cases, the freight will be charged for the space occupied.

3. Ground Freight shipping

ground shipping

This type of cargo shipping service can be categorized under ‘Rail Freight shipping’ and ‘Road Freight shipping’ services. This mode of shipment can be opted for in case of transporting the goods within country boundaries or across states/provinces. Though could be used alone, this channel is generally combined in an inter-modal route of cargo shipment that also has air freight or sea freight shipping services, either before or after.

When multiple channels of shipping are used, it is termed as ‘Intermodal Freight shipping’. Ground freight shipping includes the following:

a). Rail Freight shipping

Rail Freight shipping

Making use of the railway network extensively, this channel of cargo shipping service is cheap, environment friendly, saves time, cost-effective, and can transport bulk commodities, standard-sized containers, vehicles, specialized and hazardous goods.

Unlike, road shipments that are very much vulnerable to roadblocks, rail network freight shipments are free from all such obstacles.

b). Road Freight shipping

Ground Freight shipping

This channel of cargo shipping service makes use of trucks, trailers, or vans that transport the commodities either via ‘full truck load’ (FTL) shipping or ‘less than truck load’ (LTL) shipping.LTL is used in the case of smaller and lesser goods and is an economically viable option since customers only have to pay for the space occupied by their goods and will combine shipments from other customers as well in the same truck.

FTL is recommended in case the customer requires the full truck to ship the commodities. This mode is quicker than LTL since it transports shipment from only one customer, hence as a part of door-to-door shipment service, the exact pick-up and drop point will be specified.Time taken in road freight shipping is largely conditional to the roadway infrastructure across states/provinces.

Where can I find a trusted Freight Forwarder?


DBB Worldwide Pvt Ltd which stands true to its complete name ‘Delivery Beyond Boundaries’ is a Freight Forwarding company based out of Delhi, India, that takes care of all of the above requirements. Irrespective of whether it is a personal or a business cargo shipment, DBB Worldwide not only provides complete customer satisfaction but also is a trusted cargo shipping partner when it comes to comparing freight charges, providing custom clearances in and around Delhi, warehousing and cargo insurance, all at an affordable range of prices, guaranteeing efficiency and timely delivery/arrival.